Application of sorbitol-based infusion preparation for protein-protecting effect in surgery patients with middle breast cancer
Objective. To study the energy effect of infusions of the drug Sorbilact in the body of operated patients with cancer of the middle thoracic esophagus.
Materials and methods. Clinical use of the drug Sorbilact was performed in 30 operated patients with cancer of the middle thoracic esophagus (the main group). Sorbilact was administered intravenously immediately after surgery, drip at a rate of 30 drops per minute for 5 days at a dose of 800 ml per day. Plasma urea concentration was determined before infusions on the 1st day after surgery, and on days 2, 3, 5 after Sorbilact infusions. The control group – 25 operated patients – was administered 5 % glucose solution at a dose of 800.0 ml.
Results and discussion. In the first days after surgery in patients with cancer of the middle thoracic esophagus an increase in the concentration of urea in blood plasma was revealed. In the main group of operated patients after resection of the middle thoracic esophagus in repeated studies on the 2nd, 3rd, 5th day after infusions a significant decrease in the concentration of urea in blood plasma was showed. It indicates that less endogenous protein is consumed for energy purposes, and the caloric needs of the operated body are covered by intensive absorption of Sorbilact, which reduces the catabolism of internal proteins, resulting in reduced nitrogen production, which is manifested in a decrease in the concentration of urea in blood plasma and its difference. In the control group of operated patients in repeated studies on the 2nd, 3rd, 5th day after infusions an increase in plasma urea was revealed, which indicates insufficient caloric energy expenditure of the operated organism.
Conclusions. Intravenous infusions of the drug Sorbilact according to the indicator of increment of urea in blood plasma in operated patients after resection of the middle thoracic esophagus in the early postoperative period show a pronounced energy effect.
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