Preconception preparation for pregnancy

  • Yu.V. Davydova State Institution “Lukianova Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology of NAMS of Ukraine”, Kyiv, Ukraine


Background. Experience in high-risk obstetrics shows that a significant part of the determining factors affects the woman and the fetus before the first visit to the doctor. Improving a woman’s health before conception can improve her reproductive performance and reduce financial costs spent on obstetric medical aid.

Objective. Describe the key concepts of preconception training.

Materials and methods. Analysis of literature sources on this topic; own study involving 42 pregnant women (22 women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 20 women with congenital heart disease (CHD) and hypertensive complications of previous pregnancies), who were divided into two groups. Group 1 received routine drugs and L-arginine (Tivortin, “Yuria-Pharm”) in doses recommended for cardiac patients, and group 2 – only routine drugs.

Results and discussion. The components of preconception programs include the individual responsibility of women throughout life, awareness of women, preventive visits, interventions on identified risks, pre-pregnancy examinations and pregnancy supervision, health insurance for low-income women, health programs and strategies, medical research, and the improvement of monitoring. Target groups of preconception include women with unfavorable obstetric history (premature birth, cessation of fetal development, cesarean section, stillbirth, multiple miscarriages, birth of children with birth defects, hypertensive complications of pregnancy) and chronic diseases (type 1 diabetes mellitus, SLE, antiphospholipid syndrome, severe cardiovascular pathology, arterial hypertension, pulmonary hypertension). An important role in the management of pregnant women belongs to the prevention of preeclampsia (PE). Administration of acetylsalicylic acid reduces the likelihood of PE by 10 % in low-risk pregnant women and by 25 % in high-risk pregnant women, but the drug should be started during gestation. The use of calcium (1000 mg) reduces the risk of PE in high-risk pregnant women by 37 %. Preconception preparation is especially important, because some processes, such as the implantation of placental structures, begin and end before a woman learns she is pregnant. Remodeling of the spiral arteries also begins in the early stages of pregnancy, so its correction after the confirmation of pregnancy is less effective than prevention before it occurs. E.E. Camarena Pulido et al. (2016) studied the role of L-arginine (5 tablets of 600 mg per day from the 20th week of gestation before delivery) in the prevention of PE in high-risk women. In the L-arginine group significantly fewer cases of PE (3/49 vs. 11/47 in the placebo group; p=0.01) and a lower incidence of preterm birth were detected. In the another study, pregnant women with chronic hypertension received oral L-arginine or placebo. In the arginine group, there was a lower need for antihypertensive drugs, as well as lower frequency of births before 34 weeks, PE and neonatal complications (Neri I. et al., 2010). In the own study, favorable obstetric results of Tivortin were found. The percentage of births at >37 weeks in the Tivortin group among women with SLE was 90.9 %, and in the group of standard therapy – 50 % (p<0.01), among women with CHD – 90 % and 75 % respectively; p<0.05). No newborns with an Apgar score of <7 were found in the Tivortin group. In the comparison group their number was 27.7 %. Laboratory studies have shown that there is a significant increase in endothelial progenitor cells in the Tivortin group.

Conclusions. 1. Preconception preparation of pregnant women is a multifaceted set of measures. 2. A significant number of physiological and pathological processes occur in the early stages of pregnancy, so they can be influenced only in the preconception period. 3. The use of L-arginine during gestation reduces the risk of PE, premature birth and other complications in all women and especially in women with hypertension.

Keywords: preconception preparation, preeclampsia prevention, L-arginine, endotheliocytes.
How to Cite
Davydova , Y. (2020). Preconception preparation for pregnancy. Infusion & Chemotherapy, (3.2), 72-74.
Oral presentation materials of IV International Congress of infusion therapy