eHealth as a united information space for doctors and patients
Background. The national primary healthcare system (PHS) includes 1939 institutions, 27.7 million patients, 24,607 doctors, 1122 pharmacies and 9395 pharmacists. The eHealth informational space was created to coordinate the work of the PHS.
Objective. To describe the features and functioning of the eHealth informational space.
Materials and methods. Analysis of the current situation regarding the work of eHealth.
Results and discussion. An important function of eHealth is the transition to electronic prescriptions and electronic referrals to specialists under the medical guarantee program. Adopted in 2020 budget of this program amounted to 72 billion UAH, which was allocated to primary care, secondary, tertiary, emergency and palliative care, medical care for children, medical care for pregnancy and childbirth, medical rehabilitation. In total, UAH 1758 billion was spent on the diagnosis and treatment of oncological diseases, of which 80.7 % – on diagnosis and chemotherapy, and 29.3 % – on the diagnosis and radiation treatment. The eHealth system provides the cooperation between the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the National Health Service of Ukraine and medical institutions with medical information systems. Benefits of the united informational system include the elimination of paperwork, creating a united medical card of each patient, online registration for a doctor’s consultation, eliminating the possibility of drug receipt falsification, increasing the availability of telemedicine consultations, improving communication between healthcare professionals, planning and monitoring of strategic procurement. If the patient uses a smartphone, this informational space allows him to transmit his data (for example, the results of blood pressure measurements) through a mobile application to the telemedicine platform with their subsequent analysis and correction of prescriptions. Additional opportunities of the informational space include monitoring of drugs’ side effects, educational programs for doctors, and the possibility of creating professional communities.
Conclusions. 1. The eHealth system enables Ukrainian doctors and patients to use electronic prescriptions and electronic referrals to the specialists. 2. Benefits of this informational system include the elimination of paperwork, the creation of a united medical card of each patient, online registration for a doctor’s consultation, improved communication between health professionals, improved planning of strategic procurement, etc. 3. The eHealth system includes a number of useful services for both doctor and patient.
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